Inconel 601 alloy steel

Inconel 601 is a nickel-chromium alloy used for applications that require resistance to corrosion and heat. This nickel alloy stands out due to its resistance to high temperature oxidation, remaining highly resistant to oxidation through 2200° F. Alloy 601 develops a tightly adherent oxide scale which resists spalling even under conditions of severe thermal cycling.
Inconel 601 alloy similar material are: UNS N06601, W.Nr.2.4851, NiCr23Fe, Alloy 601

Inconel 601 alloy steel
Inconel 601 Nickel alloy steel Chemical Composition %

Ni Cr Al C Mn Si Fe
61.5 22.5 1.4 0.05 0.3 0.2 14


Kovar Nickel alloy steel

Kovar alloy is a vacuum melted, iron-nickel-cobalt, low expansion alloy whose chemical composition is controlled within narrow limits to assure precise uniform thermal expansion properties. Extensive quality controls are employed in the manufacture of this alloy to ensure uniform physical and mechanical properties for ease in deep drawing, stamping and machining.
Kovar Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS K94610
Kovar Nickel alloy usually used in the following industries :
Kovar alloy has been used for making hermetic seals with the harder Pyrex glasses and ceramic materials.
Kovar Nickel alloy steel has found wide application in power tubes, microwave tubes, transistors and diodes. In intergrated circuits, it has been used for the flat pack and the dual-in-line package.

Kovar Nickel alloy steel
Kovar Nickel alloy steel chemical composition :

C Mn Co Ni Si
Max Max Max Max Max
0.02 0.30 17.0 29.0 0.20

Kovar Nickel alloy steel Mechanical Property:

% Elongation
in 2″
Rockwell B
ksi MPa ksi MPa
50 345 75 517 30 68

The principal precaution to observe in forging is to heat quickly and avoid soaking in the furnace. Long soaking may result in a checked surface due to absorption of sulfur from the furnace atmosphere and/or oxide penetration. A forging temperature of 2000/2150°F is preferred.
Typical Mechanical Properties
Typical Mechanical Properties of Strip
Tested parallel to the direction of rolling. Material annealed 1830°F for 30 minutes, then furnaced cooled.
Kovar Product form and Specifications:

Sheet/Plate/Bar AMS5894
International Werkstoff Nr.1.3981/DIN 17745/AFNOR NF A 54-301/S.E.W.385


Invar 42 nickel-iron steel

Invar 42 is a 41% nickel-iron controlled expansion alloy which has been used in a wide variety of glass-to-metal sealing applications.While the expansion properties of this alloy most closely match 1075 glass, it has also been used in seals for the 0120 and 0010 glasses. It may also be used with hard glasses if a thin edged tubular seal is used. For seals that are not hydrogen annealed prior to sealing, a variation of this alloy containing small additions fo titanium, Glass Sealing 42 Gas-Free, has been used to promote gas-free sealing characteristics.
Invar 36 Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS K94100
Invar 42 nickel-iron usually used in the following industries :
Invar 42 has been used for semiconductor lead frames in integrated circuits, bi-metal thermostats strip, thermostat rods, for ceramic-to-metal seals with alumina ceramics, and various glass-to-metal seals such as the core of copper-clad-wire for sealing into glass envelopes of electric bulbs, radio valves, television tubes and fluorescent lights.

Invar 42 nickel-iron steel
Invar 42 nickel-iron steel chemical composition:

C% S% Cr% Mn% Si% Co% P% Ni
Max 0.05 0.20 0.2 0.40 0.2 0.5 0.02 41

Invar 42 nickel-iron steel Mechanical Property:

in 2″
Rockwell B
ksi MPa ksi MPa
75 517 40 276

Heat to 1450°F (788°C) and hold at heat for at least one-half hour per inch of thickness, air cool.
The forging temperature should be 2150/2200°F (1177/1204°C). Avoid prolonged soaking to prevent sulfur absorption from the furnace atmosphere.
Cold Heading
Glass Sealing 42 may be swaged or cold upset.
Blanking or forming
For clean blanking of Glass Sealing 42, a Rockwell hardness of about B90 is suggested. Where any sharp bends are involved in forming finished parts from strip or rods, a hardness of not over Rockwell B93 is suitable.
A silicon carbide wheel is desirable, preferably a soft wheel which will wear without loading. For finish grinding, a satisfactory grade to start with is No. 80 grit.
Any of the conventional welding methods can be used. When filler rod is required, Glass Sealing 42 is suggested.
Invar 42 nickel-iron Product form and Specifications:

Sheet/plate International Specification
MIL-I-23011 CL 5/ASTM F30 UNS K94100/Werkstoff Nr.1.3917/DIN 17745/AFNOR NF A54-301/S.E.W.385


Invar 36 alloy steel

Invar 36 Is a low coefficient of expansion of special low expansion iron nickel alloy. The control of carbon and manganese is very important. Cold deformation can reduce thermal expansion coefficient,Alloy 36 is used for measuring devices, laser components, thermostat rods, and transporting liquefied gases . At room temperature drying Invar 36 has corrosion resistance in the air. In other conditions, such as moisture in the air, Invar 36 is likely to occur corrosion.
Invar 36 Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS K93600,W. Nr.1.3912
Invar 36 Application field are:
Invar 36 applications that require a very low coefficient of expansion of the environment.
LPG production, storage and transportation
Operating temperature is lower than + 200 ℃ following measurement and control instruments, such as thermostats
Metal screw connection between the bushing and other materials
Bimetal and bimetal thermostat
Film frame
CRP components of the aviation industry tempered mold
Satellite and missile electronic control unit frame of less than -200 ℃
Laser control means electromagnetic lens auxiliary tube

Invar 36 alloy steel
Invar 36 alloy steel chemical composition:

Alloy % Ni Cr Fe C Mn Si Co Mo P S
Invar 36 Min 35 balance
Max 38 0.5 0.1 0.06 0.35 1.0 0.5 0.02 0.025

Density: rho = 8.1 g/cm3
2. Range of melting temperature: 1430 ℃
3. Curie temperature: 230 ℃
4. Specific heat: 515 j/Kg

Invar 36 alloy steel Mechanical Property:

Grade Yield strength
Rm N/mm2
tensile strength
A5 %
Invar 36 490 240 42 ≤200

Hastelloy X nickel alloy steel

Hastelloy X is a nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum superalloy with outstanding high temperature strength, oxidation resistance, and fabricability. Alloy X’s oxidation resistance is excellent up to 2200° F. This nickel steel alloy has also been found to be exceptionally resistant to stress-corrosion cracking in petrochemical applications. Matrix stiffening provided by the molybdenum content results in high strength in a solid-solution alloy having good fabrication characteristics. Although this nickel alloy is primarily noted for heat and oxidation resistance it also has good resistance to chloride stress-corrosion cracking, carburization, and excellent resistance to reducing or carburizing atmospheres. Two common conditions that often lead to early failure in high temperature alloys, carburization and nitriding, Hastelloy X resists.
Hastelloy X Nickel alloy similar material are :UNS NO6002
Hastelloy X Nickel alloy usually used in the following industries :
Gas turbines
Petrochemical industry
Industrial furnaces
Heat treating equipment
Nuclear engineering
Jet engine combustion chambers
Aircraft cabin heaters
Turbine exhaust components

Hastelloy X nickel alloy steel
Hastelloy X Nickel base alloy Chemical Composition, %

Ni Mo Cr Fe W Co Mn C
Remainder 8.0-10.0 20.5-23.0 17.0-20.0 0.2-1.0 0.5-2.5 1.0 max 0.05-0.15
P S Si Al Ti B Cu P
0.04 max 0.03 max 1.0 max 0.50 max 0.15 max 0.01 max 0.50 max 0.04 max

Hastelloy X Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property:

Temp° F Tensile (psi) .2% Yield (psi) Elongation in 2° %
70 110,600 54,900 44
1000 89,000 35,600 49
1200 83,000 35,400 54
1400 67,000 34,400 53
1600 45,000 28,200 58

Hastelloy X Nickel base alloy characteristics:
Outstanding oxidation resistance through 2000° F
Resistant to carburization and nitriding
Excellent high temperature strength
Good resistance to chloride stress-corrosion cracking
Alloy X is one of the most widely used nickel base superalloys for gas turbine engine combustion zone components such as transition ducts, combustor cans, spray bars and flame holders as well as in afterburners, tailpipes and cabin heaters. It is recommended for use in industrial furnace applications because it has unusual resistance to oxidizing, reducing and neutral atmospheres. Hastelloy X is also used in the chemical process industry for retorts, muffles, catalysts support grids, furnace baffles, tubing for pyrolysis operations and flash drier components.
Fabrication with Hastelloy X
Alloy X has excellent forming and welding characteristics. It can be forged and, because of its good ductility, can be cold worked. It can be welded by both manual and automatic methods including shielded metal arc, gas tungsten arc, gas metal arc and submerged arc processes. The alloy can also be resistance welded. For hot forming, the alloy should be heated to a starting temperature of 2150° F (1175°C).
Hastelloy X Product form and Specifications:

Sheet/Plate B435
Bar B572

Hastelloy G35 Nickel alloy

SDJS Hastelloy G35 Hastelloy alloy is a kind of nickel base high temperature alloy composed of nickel, chromium, cobalt, tungsten and other elements, nickel content of about 37%.
Hastelloy G35 is a nickel based alloy is a high chromium content, it for commercial phosphoric acid and mixed environment many high oxidizing acid medium such as nitric acid / hydrochloric acid, nitric acid / hydrofluoric acid and sulphuric acid with resistance to corrosion than most other nickel base and iron base alloy is more outstanding. G30 alloy can prevent the welding heat affected zone of grain boundary precipitates formed welded, so its products are suitable for use in various chemical processing engineering
Hastelloy G35 Nickel alloy application :
Hastelloy G35 nickel alloy widely used in phosphoric acid equipment equipment, sulfuric acid, nitric acid equipment, nuclear fuel reprocessing, nuclear waste disposal, pickling, petrochemical products, production of chemical fertilizer, pesticide production, gold extraction. Hastelloy G35 Hastelloy alloys such as stainless steel pickling for applications such as hydrofluoric acid / nitric acid mixture has excellent resistance, compared with other nickel base and iron base alloy, Hastelloy alloy Hastelloy G35 showed better resistance in commercial phosphoric acid. It as grow with each passing day application of acid evaporators in fertilizer industry.

Hastelloy G35 Nickel alloy
Hastelloy G35 Nickel base alloy chemical composition :



Ni Cr Fe C Mn Si Mo Si Co V P S Cu W
Min balance 33.2 8.1 0.2
Max 2 0.05 1.0 1.0 1.0 5.0 0.4 0.035 0.03 2 0.6

Hastelloy G35 Nickel base alloy Product form and Specifications:

Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil B575 SB575
Seamless alloy tube/Pipe B622 SB622
Welded alloy tube/pipe B619/B622 SB619/SB622
Ring/Bar/Rod B574 SB574
Forged product B564 SB564
Fittings/Flange B336 SB336


Hastelloy G-30 steel

Product : Hastelloy G-30

Hastelloy G-30 steel
Hastelloy G-30 Chemical composition :

Ni Cr Mo W Fe Cu C Nb
43 30 5 2.5 15 1.5 ≤0.03 ≤0.8

Hastelloy G-30 nickel steel Physical properties:

Density Tensile strength Rmn/mm2 Yield Strength Rp0.2N/mm2
8.22g/cm3 710 338

Hastelloy G-30 features: for sulfuric acid has good corrosion resistance, but also many mixed acid (such as nitric acid and hydrochloric acid) and other complex environment of strong oxidizing acids, than most other nickel-based alloy or iron-based specific alloys have better corrosion resistance.
Hastelloy G-30 alloy steel Application : used for industrial phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid industry, nitric acid industry and the nuclear industry. Equipment and parts petrochemical, fertilizer, pesticide production and gold refining and other fields.

Hastelloy C-2000 alloy steel

Product : Hastelloy C-2000

Hastelloy C-2000 alloy steel
Hastelloy C-2000 Chemical composition :

C Cr V Fe Cu Mn Si P S Mo
0.01 23 0.35 3 ≤1.6 ≤0.5 ≤0.08 ≤0.02 0.08 16

Hastelloy C-2000 Physical properties

Density Melting point Hardness HRC
8.5g/cm3 1399℃ 90

Hastelloy C-2000 alloy steel Characteristics: corrosion resistance, including sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, phosphoric acid, an organic acid, alkali chloride, pitting, crevice corrosion, stress corrosion cracking.
Hastelloy C-2000 application : reactors, heat exchangers, valves, pumps, etc.

Hastelloy C276 alloy steel

Hastelloy C276 is a kindly of Nickel base anti-corrosion alloy with many excellent performance, good for oxidation and reduction of medium corrosion resistance ability. There are only several material has damp resistance Chlorine, hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide solution corrosion, Hastelloy C276 alloy is one of them.
Hastelloy C276 Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS N10276,DIN W.Nr.2.4819,NiMo16Cr15W
Hastelloy C276 Nickel alloy usually used in the following industries :
The nuclear power industry, chemical processing, pollution control
Pipe, evaporator transmission chemical, petroleum industry
Reactor of acetic acid and acidic products
The heat exchanger, the reaction kettle
Equipment and components operating in the acid gas in the environment
Sulfuric acid condenser.

Hastelloy C276 alloy steel
Hastelloy C276 Nickel base alloy chemical composition :

Ni Cr Fe C Mn Si Mo W Co V P S
minimum balance 15.0 4.0 15.0 3.0 0.1
maximum 16.5 7.0 0.01 1.0 0.08 17.0 4.5 2.5 0.3 0.015 0.01

Hastelloy C276 Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property:

Product Form θ/℃ Tensile Strength MPa Yield Strength Elongation δ5 /%
Tube/pipe 20 ≥727 ≥313 ≥70
Sheet/Plate 20 ≥741 ≥347 ≥67
Bar/Rod 20 ≥758 ≥363 ≥62
Strip/Coil 20 ≥796 ≥376 ≥60

Hastelloy C276 alloy melting point : 1325-1370 ℃
Hastelloy C276 Nickel density : 8.90 g/cm3
Hastelloy C276 alloy material hot working:
1 . The temperature range of thermal processing 1200 to 950 DEG C, is water cooling and rapid air cooling.
2 . In order to ensure the best performance of corrosion, heat processing should be performed after the heat treatment, the work should be added directly to heat treatment furnace heated.
Hastelloy C276 alloy material Cold working
1 . The work hardening rate is greater than the austenitic stainless steel, so it is necessary to processing equipment Selected. The work should be as solid solution heat treatment state, and should have the intermediate annealing during cold rolling.
2 . If the cold rolling deformation amount is greater than 15% to the workpiece, two solid solution treatment.
Hastelloy C276 alloy Heat treatment
1. Solid solution treatment temperature range is 1100 to 1160 DEG C.
The method of cooling water quenching, the thickness of less than 1.5mm material can also adopt the rapid air cooling. If the use of air cooling, it should be from 1000 DEG C, cooling to 600 DEG C in 2 minutes.
Hastelloy C276 Product form and Specifications:

Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil B575 SB575
Seamless alloy tube/Pipe B622 SB622
Welded alloy tube/pipe B619/B622 SB619/SB622
Ring/Bar/Rod B574 SB574
Forged product B564 SB564
Fittings/Flange B336 SB336

Hastelloy C22 alloy steel

Hastelloy C22 alloy is a nickel chromium molybdenum tungsten alloy Almighty, better than other existing nickel chromium molybdenum alloy with the overall corrosion resistance performance, including Hastelloy C276, C4 alloy and 625 alloy. Hastelloy C22 alloy has good resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion and stress corrosion cracking ability. It has excellent antioxidant ability of water medium, including wet chlorine, nitric acid or mixed acid oxidation of acid containing chloride ion. At the same time, the capacity of Hastelloy C22 alloy also ideal resistance during the reductive and oxidative environment. Depending on the performance of this universal, it can be used in some of the headaches in the environment, or use in a wide variety of purposes of production in the factory. Hastelloy C22 alloy with abnormal resistance to various chemical environments, including strong oxidizing substances, such as ferric chloride, copper chloride, chlorine, thermal pollution solution (organic and inorganic), formic acid, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, sea water and salt solution. Hastelloy C22 alloy has the ability to resist the grain boundary precipitation formation in the welding heat affected zone, so that it can adapt to the application of many kinds of chemical process in the welding condition.
Hastelloy C 22 Nickel alloy similar material is : UNS N06022, W.Nr.2.4602, NS3308
Hastelloy C 22 Nickel alloy application :
Hastelloy C22 alloy has been widely used in the field of chemical and petrochemical, such as element application chloride containing organic matter in contact and catalytic system. This material is particularly suitable for high temperature, mixed with inorganic acid and organic acid impurities (such as formic acid and acetic acid), the use of seawater corrosion environment.

Hastelloy C22 alloy steel
Hastelloy C 22 Nickel base alloy chemical composition :

Hastelloy C22 Ni Cr Mo Te W Co C Mn Si V P S
Mix Remaining 20.0 12.5 2 2.5
Max 22.5 14.5 6 3.5 2.5 0.015 0.5 0.08 0.35 0.02 0.02

Hastelloy C 22 Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property:

Material Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation

A5 %

Hastelloy C22 690 MPa 283 MPa 40

Hastelloy C – 22 alloy steel Density: 8.69 g/cm3
Hastelloy C – 22 alloy steel melting point: 1357-1399 degree
Hastelloy C – 22 Elastic modulus: N/thermal conductivity was 205.5:11.1 W/m K
Hastelloy C – 22 Hardness: HRC93 thermal expansion coefficient (20-100 degree) : 112.6 mu m/m degree
Hastelloy C – 22 Working temperature of about quantity: 200 to + 400 degree
Hastelloy C 22 Product form and Specifications:

Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil B575 SB575
Seamless alloy tube/Pipe B622 SB622
Welded alloy tube/pipe B619/B622 SB619/SB622
Ring/Bar/Rod B574 SB574
Forged product B564 SB564
Fittings/Flange B336 SB336