Inconel 601 alloy steel

Inconel 601 is a nickel-chromium alloy used for applications that require resistance to corrosion and heat. This nickel alloy stands out due to its resistance to high temperature oxidation, remaining highly resistant to oxidation through 2200° F. Alloy 601 develops a tightly adherent oxide scale which resists spalling even under conditions of severe thermal cycling.
Inconel 601 alloy similar material are: UNS N06601, W.Nr.2.4851, NiCr23Fe, Alloy 601

Inconel 601 alloy steel
Inconel 601 Nickel alloy steel Chemical Composition %

Ni Cr Al C Mn Si Fe
61.5 22.5 1.4 0.05 0.3 0.2 14

 

Kovar Nickel alloy steel

Kovar alloy is a vacuum melted, iron-nickel-cobalt, low expansion alloy whose chemical composition is controlled within narrow limits to assure precise uniform thermal expansion properties. Extensive quality controls are employed in the manufacture of this alloy to ensure uniform physical and mechanical properties for ease in deep drawing, stamping and machining.
Kovar Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS K94610
Kovar Nickel alloy usually used in the following industries :
Kovar alloy has been used for making hermetic seals with the harder Pyrex glasses and ceramic materials.
Kovar Nickel alloy steel has found wide application in power tubes, microwave tubes, transistors and diodes. In intergrated circuits, it has been used for the flat pack and the dual-in-line package.

Kovar Nickel alloy steel
Kovar Nickel alloy steel chemical composition :

C Mn Co Ni Si
Max Max Max Max Max
0.02 0.30 17.0 29.0 0.20

Kovar Nickel alloy steel Mechanical Property:

Yield
Strength
Tensile
Strength
% Elongation
in 2″
Hardness
Rockwell B
ksi MPa ksi MPa
50 345 75 517 30 68

Forging
The principal precaution to observe in forging is to heat quickly and avoid soaking in the furnace. Long soaking may result in a checked surface due to absorption of sulfur from the furnace atmosphere and/or oxide penetration. A forging temperature of 2000/2150°F is preferred.
Typical Mechanical Properties
Typical Mechanical Properties of Strip
Tested parallel to the direction of rolling. Material annealed 1830°F for 30 minutes, then furnaced cooled.
Kovar Product form and Specifications:

Sheet/Plate/Bar AMS5894
International Werkstoff Nr.1.3981/DIN 17745/AFNOR NF A 54-301/S.E.W.385

 

Jethete M152 Nickel alloy steel

Jethete M152 consists of nickel,iron, titanium,and chromium. Jethete M152 is not stainless,therefore,it will acquire a red-brown oxide film when exposed to outdoor environments.
Jethete M152 Nickel alloy similar material are :UNS S64152
This grade is a high strength Alloy Steel has very good toughness and creep rupture strength. Excellent for use in highly stressed turbine blades as well as turbine discs, screws, shafts, bolts, pins and rings.

Jethete M152 Nickel alloy steel
Jethete M152 chemical composition :

C Cr Si Ni V Mn S Mo N Fe
Min 0.08 11.00 2.00 0.25 0.50 1.50 0.01
Max 0.15 12.50 0.20 3.00 0.40 0.90 0.013 2.00 0.05 Bal

Jethete M152 Mechanical Property:

Tensile Strength, N/mm21 Yield Strength 0.2%, N/mm2 Elongation % Reduction of Area % Impact Strength KCU, J/CM2
1150 800 14 120

Jethete M152 Product form and Specifications:

Product Specifications
Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil AMS5719, ASTM A565 (XM-32), S151, MSRR6503, 1.4933, Z15CNDV-12, S159, S538

Invar 42 nickel-iron steel

Invar 42 is a 41% nickel-iron controlled expansion alloy which has been used in a wide variety of glass-to-metal sealing applications.While the expansion properties of this alloy most closely match 1075 glass, it has also been used in seals for the 0120 and 0010 glasses. It may also be used with hard glasses if a thin edged tubular seal is used. For seals that are not hydrogen annealed prior to sealing, a variation of this alloy containing small additions fo titanium, Glass Sealing 42 Gas-Free, has been used to promote gas-free sealing characteristics.
Invar 36 Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS K94100
Invar 42 nickel-iron usually used in the following industries :
Invar 42 has been used for semiconductor lead frames in integrated circuits, bi-metal thermostats strip, thermostat rods, for ceramic-to-metal seals with alumina ceramics, and various glass-to-metal seals such as the core of copper-clad-wire for sealing into glass envelopes of electric bulbs, radio valves, television tubes and fluorescent lights.

Invar 42 nickel-iron steel
Invar 42 nickel-iron steel chemical composition:

C% S% Cr% Mn% Si% Co% P% Ni
Max 0.05 0.20 0.2 0.40 0.2 0.5 0.02 41

Invar 42 nickel-iron steel Mechanical Property:

Tensile
Strength
Yield
Strength
%
Elongation
in 2″
Hardness
Rockwell B
ksi MPa ksi MPa
75 517 40 276

Annealing
Heat to 1450°F (788°C) and hold at heat for at least one-half hour per inch of thickness, air cool.
Workability
Forging
The forging temperature should be 2150/2200°F (1177/1204°C). Avoid prolonged soaking to prevent sulfur absorption from the furnace atmosphere.
Cold Heading
Glass Sealing 42 may be swaged or cold upset.
Blanking or forming
For clean blanking of Glass Sealing 42, a Rockwell hardness of about B90 is suggested. Where any sharp bends are involved in forming finished parts from strip or rods, a hardness of not over Rockwell B93 is suitable.
Grinding
A silicon carbide wheel is desirable, preferably a soft wheel which will wear without loading. For finish grinding, a satisfactory grade to start with is No. 80 grit.
Welding
Any of the conventional welding methods can be used. When filler rod is required, Glass Sealing 42 is suggested.
Invar 42 nickel-iron Product form and Specifications:

Specification
Sheet/plate International Specification
MIL-I-23011 CL 5/ASTM F30 UNS K94100/Werkstoff Nr.1.3917/DIN 17745/AFNOR NF A54-301/S.E.W.385

 

Invar 36 alloy steel

Invar 36 Is a low coefficient of expansion of special low expansion iron nickel alloy. The control of carbon and manganese is very important. Cold deformation can reduce thermal expansion coefficient,Alloy 36 is used for measuring devices, laser components, thermostat rods, and transporting liquefied gases . At room temperature drying Invar 36 has corrosion resistance in the air. In other conditions, such as moisture in the air, Invar 36 is likely to occur corrosion.
Invar 36 Nickel alloy similar material are:UNS K93600,W. Nr.1.3912
Invar 36 Application field are:
Invar 36 applications that require a very low coefficient of expansion of the environment.
LPG production, storage and transportation
Operating temperature is lower than + 200 ℃ following measurement and control instruments, such as thermostats
Metal screw connection between the bushing and other materials
Bimetal and bimetal thermostat
Film frame
Mask
CRP components of the aviation industry tempered mold
Satellite and missile electronic control unit frame of less than -200 ℃
Laser control means electromagnetic lens auxiliary tube

Invar 36 alloy steel
Invar 36 alloy steel chemical composition:

Alloy % Ni Cr Fe C Mn Si Co Mo P S
Invar 36 Min 35 balance
Max 38 0.5 0.1 0.06 0.35 1.0 0.5 0.02 0.025

Density: rho = 8.1 g/cm3
2. Range of melting temperature: 1430 ℃
3. Curie temperature: 230 ℃
4. Specific heat: 515 j/Kg

Invar 36 alloy steel Mechanical Property:

Grade Yield strength
Rm N/mm2
tensile strength
RP0.2N/mm2
Elongation
A5 %
HB
Invar 36 490 240 42 ≤200

HastelloyB-2 nickel alloy steel

HastelloyB-2 control of iron and nickel-based alloy in the lowest concentration of chromium to prevent the generation of β-phase Ni4Mo on the reducing environment of excellent corrosion resistance, excellent resistance to moderate concentrations of sulfuric acid and a number of non-oxidizing acid corrosion, it is ability to restore good resistance to chloride ion stress corrosion cracking (SCC), a variety of excellent corrosion resistance to acids.

HastelloyB-2 nickel alloy steel
HastelloyB-2 Nickel base alloy Chemical composition

C Cr Fe Mo Si Cu Mn Co P S
Min 0.4 1.6 26.0
Max 0.01 0.7 2.0 30.0 0.08 0.5 1.0 1.0 0.02 0.01

HastelloyB-2 Nickel base alloy Physical Properties

Density Melting point
ρ=9.2g/cm3 1330~1380℃

Hastelloy X nickel alloy steel

Hastelloy X is a nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum superalloy with outstanding high temperature strength, oxidation resistance, and fabricability. Alloy X’s oxidation resistance is excellent up to 2200° F. This nickel steel alloy has also been found to be exceptionally resistant to stress-corrosion cracking in petrochemical applications. Matrix stiffening provided by the molybdenum content results in high strength in a solid-solution alloy having good fabrication characteristics. Although this nickel alloy is primarily noted for heat and oxidation resistance it also has good resistance to chloride stress-corrosion cracking, carburization, and excellent resistance to reducing or carburizing atmospheres. Two common conditions that often lead to early failure in high temperature alloys, carburization and nitriding, Hastelloy X resists.
Hastelloy X Nickel alloy similar material are :UNS NO6002
Hastelloy X Nickel alloy usually used in the following industries :
Gas turbines
Petrochemical industry
Industrial furnaces
Heat treating equipment
Nuclear engineering
Jet engine combustion chambers
Aircraft cabin heaters
Turbine exhaust components

Hastelloy X nickel alloy steel
Hastelloy X Nickel base alloy Chemical Composition, %

Ni Mo Cr Fe W Co Mn C
Remainder 8.0-10.0 20.5-23.0 17.0-20.0 0.2-1.0 0.5-2.5 1.0 max 0.05-0.15
P S Si Al Ti B Cu P
0.04 max 0.03 max 1.0 max 0.50 max 0.15 max 0.01 max 0.50 max 0.04 max

Hastelloy X Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property:

Temp° F Tensile (psi) .2% Yield (psi) Elongation in 2° %
70 110,600 54,900 44
1000 89,000 35,600 49
1200 83,000 35,400 54
1400 67,000 34,400 53
1600 45,000 28,200 58

Hastelloy X Nickel base alloy characteristics:
Outstanding oxidation resistance through 2000° F
Resistant to carburization and nitriding
Excellent high temperature strength
Good resistance to chloride stress-corrosion cracking
Alloy X is one of the most widely used nickel base superalloys for gas turbine engine combustion zone components such as transition ducts, combustor cans, spray bars and flame holders as well as in afterburners, tailpipes and cabin heaters. It is recommended for use in industrial furnace applications because it has unusual resistance to oxidizing, reducing and neutral atmospheres. Hastelloy X is also used in the chemical process industry for retorts, muffles, catalysts support grids, furnace baffles, tubing for pyrolysis operations and flash drier components.
Fabrication with Hastelloy X
Alloy X has excellent forming and welding characteristics. It can be forged and, because of its good ductility, can be cold worked. It can be welded by both manual and automatic methods including shielded metal arc, gas tungsten arc, gas metal arc and submerged arc processes. The alloy can also be resistance welded. For hot forming, the alloy should be heated to a starting temperature of 2150° F (1175°C).
Hastelloy X Product form and Specifications:

Sheet/Plate B435
Bar B572

Hastelloy C4 nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy

Hastelloy C4 is a nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy which has improved thermal stability. In this alloy, the tungsten was totally omitted and the iron content was reduced to approximately 1%. The alloy also contains approximately 0.3% Ti
Outstanding high-temperature stability exhibits good ductility and corrosion resistance after long-time aging at 650 to 1040 degree C . Resists formation of grain-boundary precipitates in weld heat-affected zones, and is suitable for most chemical process applications in the as-welded condition. Has excellent resistance to stress-corrosion cracking and to oxidizing atmospheres up to 1040 degree C
Hastelloy C4 alloy steel has exceptional resistance to a variety of chemical process environments, including hot contaminated mineral acids, solvents, chlorine, and chlorine-contaminated media (organic and inorganic, dry chlorine, formic and acetic acids, acetic anhydride, seawater, and brine).
Hastelloy C4 Nickel alloy similar material is : UNS N06445, W.NR.2.4610
Hastelloy C4 Nickel alloy application :
HastelloyC4 alloy is widely used in the field of energy production and pollution control, chemical, petrochemical, especially in the sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, acetic acid industry.

Hastelloy C4 nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy
Hastelloy C4 Nickel base alloy chemical composition :

Ni Cr Mo Fe Ti Co C Mn Si P S
Min Balance 14.5 14
Max 17.5 17 3.0 0.7 2.0 0.009 1.0 0.05 0.025 0.010

Hastelloy C4 Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property:

Grade Density Melting point
Hastelloy C4 8.6g/cm3 1335°C-1380°C

Hastelloy C4 Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property :

Alloy state Tensile strength MPa Yield strength MPa elongation A5 %
Hastelloy C4 alloy bar 690 275 40
Hastelloy C4 alloy Hot rolled plate 690 275 40
Hastelloy C4 alloy colled rolled sheet 690 275 40
Hastelloy C4 alloy strip 690 275 40

Hastelloy C4 Product form and Specifications:

Product ASTM ASME
Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil B575 SB575
Seamless alloy tube/Pipe B622 SB622
Welded alloy tube/pipe B619/B622 SB619/SB622
Ring/Bar/Rod B574 SB574
Forged product B564 SB564
Fittings/Flange B336 SB336

Hastelloy B2 Nickel alloy steel material

Hastelloy B2 is a kindly of Nickel base anti-corrosion alloy with many excellent performance, good for oxidation and reduction of medium corrosion resistance ability. There are only several material has damp resistance Chlorine, hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide solution corrosion, Hastelloy B2 alloy is one of them.Hastelloy B2 alloy is based in servel chemical elements.
Hastelloy B2 Nickel alloy similar material are :UNS N10665, DIN W.Nr.2.4617, NS322, NiMo28
Hastelloy B2 Nickel alloy application :
Alloy Hastelloy B2 is widely used in the field of energy production and pollution control, chemical, petrochemical, especially in the sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, acetic acid industry.

Hastelloy B2 Nickel alloy steel material
Hastelloy B2 Nickel alloy chemical composition :

Ni Cr Fe C Mn Si Cu Mo Co P S
Min balance 1.6 20.6
Max 1.0 2.0 0.01 1.0 0.08 0.5 30.0 1.0 0.02 0.01

Hastelloy B2 Nickel alloy Mechanical Property:

Product Form Tensile Strength MPa Yield Strength Elongation δ5 /%
Tube/pipe ≥690 ≥310 ≥40
Sheet/Plate ≥690 ≥310 ≥40
Bar/Rod ≥690 ≥310 ≥40
Strip/Coil ≥690 ≥310 ≥40

Hastelloy B2 alloy melting point : 1330-1380 ℃
Hastelloy B2 Nickel density : 9.2 g/cm3
Hastelloy B2 Product form and Specifications:

Product ASTM ASME
Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil B575 SB575
Seamless alloy tube/Pipe B622 SB622
Welded alloy tube/pipe B619/B622 SB619/SB622
Ring/Bar/Rod B574 SB574
Forged product B564 SB564
Fittings/Flange B336 SB336

Hastelloy B Nickel base alloy

Extremely low silicon content of carbon, nickel molybdenum alloy Hastelloy B, reduces the welding heat affected zone of precipitation of carbon and other impurity phases, so the weld also has anti corrosive enough. Hastelloy B alloy has good corrosion resistance in reducing media, such as a variety of temperature and concentration of hydrochloric acid solution. In sulfuric acid medium concentration (or contain a certain amount of chloride ion) also has the advantages of corrosion resistance is very good. At the same time, can also be used for acetic acid and phosphoric acid environment. Alloy materials are only in metallographic suitable and pure crystal structure has the best corrosion resistance.
Hastelloy B Nickel alloy similar material are : UNS N10001
Hastelloy B Nickel alloy application :
Alloy Hastelloy B is widely used in the field of energy production and pollution control, chemical, petrochemical, especially in the sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, acetic acid industry.

Hastelloy B Nickel base alloy
Hastelloy B Nickel base alloy chemical composition :

 

 

Ni Cr Fe C Mn Si Mo Si Co V P S
Min balance 4.0 26 0.2
Max 1.0 6.0 0.05 1.0 1.0 30 1.0 2.5 0.4 0.04 0.03

Hastelloy B Nickel base alloy Mechanical Property:

Product Form Tensile Strength MPa Yield Strength Elongation δ5 /%
Tube/pipe ≥690 ≥310 ≥40
Sheet/Plate ≥690 ≥310 ≥40
Bar/Rod ≥690 ≥310 ≥40
Strip/Coil ≥690 ≥310 ≥40

Hastelloy B alloy melting point : 1330-1380 ℃
Hastelloy B Nickel density : 9.24 g/cm3
Hastelloy B Product form and Specifications:

Product ASTM ASME
Alloy Sheet/Plate/Strip/Coil B575 SB575
Seamless alloy tube/Pipe B622 SB622
Welded alloy tube/pipe B619/B622 SB619/SB622
Ring/Bar/Rod B574 SB574
Forged product B564 SB564
Fittings/Flange B336 SB336